When to see us?

Below are some pointers of what to look out for:


boy talking letters

Errors when producing the following sounds at noted ages:

  • 1 – 3 years: /b/, /h/, /m/, /n,/ /p/ and /w/
  • 2 – 4 years: /d/ /f/, /g/, /k/, /ng/, /t/ an d/y/
  • 3 – 6 years: /ch/, /l/, /r/, /s/, /sh/ and z and all above sounds
  • 4 – 7 years: /j/, /th/ and /v/ as well as all aforementioned sounds
  • Difficulty with planning and coordination of oral movements
  • Difficulties with speech fluency resulting in the following errors:
  • Repetition or prolongation of sounds within a word
  • Repetition of whole words or phrases within a sentence
  • Atypical movements during speech (excessive blinking, finger tapping)


boy with multiple greatings on board

  • Difficulty telling a story
  • Difficulty with math word problems
  • Failure to ask for help when needed
  • Use of filler words such as “things and stuff”
  • Difficulty comprehending the written word
  • Poor literacy memory and vocabulary retrieval skills
  • Use of odd-topic comments in response to a discussion
  • Difficulty following classroom routines and instructions
  • Difficulty responding to “WH” questions following a story
  • Use of incorrect verb tenses and subject/object pronouns

Auditory processing:

girls telling secret in the other girls ear

  • Difficulty with phonics, reading and spelling development
  • Poor listening skills
  • History of ear infection
  • Easily distracted by noise
  • Frequently misunderstands speech
  • Generally “normal” results on hearing tests
  • Tendency to confuse similar sounding words
  • History or presence of speech or language delays
  • Provision of inappropriate response in conversations
  • Poor academic functioning without developmental delays
  • Difficulty following oral directions and answering questions

Early Communication Development

baby laughing at a teddybear

Auditory Processing Skills are those abilities that help our brains understand information and turn it into something meaningful. These skills are crucial for reading and spelling in children. Children who have difficulty processing incoming information may not be able to understand that sound combinations result in words or that the way in which verbal instructions are sequenced have a significant impact on the outcome of a task. Speech Therapists teach these children techniques that allow them to gain these skills so that they are able to cope with the academic demands they will be faced with throughout their schooling career.